"Arthritis" is a word that stems from the Latin word "itis" which identifies "inflammation as well as the Greek word "arthron" which suggests "joint." The plural of arthritis is arthritides. Arthritis is condition that has an effect on the musculoskeletal system, especially the joints. It is the main source of impairment among men and women in developed countries older than 55.
Arthritis is not a singular ailment, but can make reference to more than 100 health concerns. OA or Osteoarthritis is the most common kind of joint disease and it commonly impacts seniors. There are however, some types of arthritis that can threaten people at a very young age.
What's causing Arthritis
It is extremely imperative that you know how a joint works in the body, to be able to recognize what is happening when someone is being affected by any kind of arthritis. Joints are where one bone connects to another bone. Ligaments hold the two bones together and therefore are similar to elastic bands. The structures are responsible for keeping the bones in place, nonetheless, your muscles contract or relax in order to make the joint move.
The substance that inhibits the two bones from rubbing directly up against one another is called cartilage and it's located on the surface of the bone. The covering of cartilage enables the joint to operate smoothly and painlessly.
You will find a capsule that encompasses the joint. The joint space or cavity inside the joint consists of synovial fluid. Synovial fluid provides nourishment to the the joint and the cartilage. This unique fluid is manufactured by the synovium or synovial membrane which surrounds the cavity of the joint.
Arthritic situations are characterized by something going awry within the joints and this may be determined by the kind of joint disease that the sufferer has. Perhaps there is a lack of fluid in the joints, or perhaps that the cartilage is wearing away, an infection is in place or your body is targeting itself with some form of autoimmunity condition. Arthritis is usually a combination of numerous factors.
Types of Arthritis
Here is just some of the kinds of arthritis, an explanation, and their cause. Note, there are more than 100 kinds of arthritis.
Whenever a person has osteoarthritis, their cartilage will lose its resilience. If this happens, the cartilage will become rigid and may be more susceptible to further harm. The cartilage, which commonly behaves as a shock absorber within the joints, can progressively wear away in some areas. As the cartilage material gets damaged and the tendons and ligaments become pulled, discomfort is experienced. Severe pain will occur when the bones eventually rub up against each other.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a medical condition that is observed as a irritation of the synovium or synovial membrane. Swelling and discomfort are a direct result. This sort of arthritis, if neglected, can bring about a deformity. Rheumatoid arthritis is much more common in women as compared to men. Usually, this condition occurs in individuals aged between forty and sixty years of age, however, it does occasionally threaten kids and much older people. In October 2012, Swedish scientists publicized a study in JAMA explaining that sufferers who have rheumatoid arthritis possess a higher risk of blood clots in the initial Decade following diagnosis.
Septic Arthritic or Infectious Arthritis
This particular ailment refers to an infection in the tissues and synovial fluid of a joint. Commonly, it can be caused by bacteria, despite the fact that, it may be a result of fungi or viruses. Fungi, bacteria, or viruses may spread out through the bloodstream from surrounding infected tissues and can invade a joint nearby. Most vulnerable individuals are those that already have another kind of arthritis in their system and develop an infection that travels through their bloodstream.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis or JRA
JRA is a arthritic condition that affects patients who are 16 years of age or younger. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is classified into 3 main categories, such as: Systemic JRA is the least common kind. In this condition, pain is felt in multiple joints and can even spread to organs. This is the most severe kind of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. Polyarticular JRA is another kind which affects numerous joints and can be severe. In many cases, it tends to get worse as time progresses. The last and most common type is Pauciarticular JRA. This is the mildest form and the child experiences pain in up to 4 joints.